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    Our research and development teams operate at a global level and generate synergies from our collective expertise and by drawing on related disciplines. We are also constantly exchanging information at an international level with independent technical institutions, key opinion leaders and multipliers in order to be able to ensure cooperation and knowledge management of the highest order. As part of this process, we also conduct extensive research, the results of which we continually present in workshops, at conferences and symposiums - either in documentation or talks given by our cooperation partners - and also publish in renowned scientific journals. This database contains a large number of these evidence-based scientific articles, most of which have been evaluated by independent assessors:

    1. Journal article

      Suprasorb® P sensitive: A 51-wound clinical evaluation

      Wounds UK 2021 17(3) 9198

      Dressings continue to be a key part of successful wound care, however, choosing the right product for the right patient at the right time can be challenging for the clinician (Hedger, 2014). Modern foam dressings have been widely available since the mid-1970s with the aim to manage light-to-heavy exuding wounds (Hedger et al, 2014). Historically, bordered foam dressings have utilised acrylic-based adhesives; however, these have been associated with increased risk of skin sensitisation and medical adhesive-related skin injuries (MARSI; Meuleneire and Rucknagel, 2013; Hedger et al, 2014; Mestach et al, 2018; Downie and Collier, 2021). A clinical evaluation was undertaken to detail the characteristics and performance of Suprasorb® P sensitive silicone foam dressing (L&R Healthcare). The evaluation comprised a minimum of four dressing changes over at least 2 weeks. Fifty patients (51 wounds) were included in the evaluation. At the final evaluation, 57% (n=29) of the wounds were recorded as improved, 37% (n=19) were recorded as static and 6% (n=3) were recorded as having deteriorated. Of the 27% (n=14) evaluations where patients reported self caring, 71% scored Suprasorb P sensitive as above average for ease of use, suggesting the dressing may be suitable for patients who were self-caring and can apply their own dressing. Suprasorb P sensitive performed well in all the parameters evaluated and may be considered where effective exudate handling, improved patient comfort and ease of handling is required.

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    2. Journal article

      Endoscopic Negative Pressure Therapy (ENPT) Is Superior to Stent Therapy for Staple Line Leak After Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Single-Center Cohort Study

      Obesity surgery 2021

      PURPOSE

      Staple line leak (SLL) is a serious complication after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Common endoscopic treatment options include self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS), endoscopic internal drainage (EID), and endoscopic closure. The endoscopic negative pressure therapy (ENPT) is a promising treatment option combining temporary sealing of the defect with drainage of the inflammatory bed. In this study, we compare the outcome of ENPT and SEMS for the treatment of SLL following SG.

      MATERIALS AND METHODS

      A retrospective cohort of 27 patients (21 females) treated at a single center for SLL after SG was included. ENPT was primary therapy for 14 patients and compared with 13 patients treated primarily using SEMS.

      RESULTS

      ENPT was associated with a significant reduction of hospital stay (19 ± 15.1 vs. 56.69 ± 47.21 days, p = 0.027), reduced duration of endoscopic treatment (9.8 ± 8.6 vs. 44.92 ± 60.98 days, p = 0.009), and shorter transabdominal drain dwell time (15 (5-96) vs. 45 (12-162) days, p = 0.014) when compared to SEMS. Whereas endoscopic management was successful in 12/14 (85.7%) of patients from the ENPT group, SEMS was successful in only 5/13 (38.5%) of patients (p = 0.015). Furthermore, ENPT was associated with a significant reduction of endoscopic adverse events compared with SEMS (14.3% vs. 76.92% p = 0.001).

      CONCLUSION

      Compared with SEMS, ENPT is effective and safe in treating SLL after SG providing higher success rates, shorter treatment duration, and lower adverse events rates.

      PMID 33650088
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    3. Journal article

      Closure of a duodenal cutaneous fistula with endoscopic negative pressure therapy using a thin open-pore film drain - an easy tool and simple method

      Endoscopy 2021

      A 57-year-old patient underwent emergency laparotomy for an acute abdomen with free intra-abdominal air caused by a perforated distal gastric ulcer. Surgical closure was performed by suture. Histological adenocarcinoma was found Therefore, revision laparotomy with distal gastric resection and Roux-en-y reconstruction was done 3 days later. At 6 days postoperatively, a discharge of biliary secretions via target drainage for duodenal stump insufficiency was seen. Surgical closure was tried in another revision laparotomy. But again biliary secretion occurred proving the persistent duodenal leakage.

      Passive drainage via the operative drain was sufficient to avoid development of an acute abdomen, therefore the duodenal secretions were drained passively. Secretion of 100–200 ml daily persisted for 21 days with formation of a duodenal cutaneous fistula channel ([Fig. 1]).

      Then, treatment was switched to active drainage management with endoscopic negative pressure using an open-pore film drain. The drain was made by wrapping a strip of thin, double-layered, open-pore film (Suprasorb CNP Drainage Film; Lohmann & Rauscher, Rengsdorf, Germany) around the distal drainage end and fixing it with a suture [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] ([Fig. 2]). This created a small-bore open-pore drainage tube to which negative pressure could be applied. The open-pore film drain used had a diameter of only 5 mm. The length of the drainage element was 10 cm. The drain was simply manually inserted in the cutaneous opening into the pre-existing 12-cm-long fistula channel. Suction of –125 mmHg was applied (ACTIV.A.C; KCI, San Antonio, Texas, USA). The secretion stopped immediately. After 4 days, endoscopic negative pressure treatment was terminated. The open-pore film drain was removed by pulling out the tube ([Fig. 3]). Endoscopic inspection of the fistula channel showed the typical suction effects ([Fig. 4]), with the regular pore structure of the open-pore membrane ([Video 1]). The fistula was closed. The open-pore film drain is a simple device that can be used to achieve duodenal cutaneous fistula closure very easily by negative pressure in appropriate cases.

      PMID 34624919
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    4. Journal article

      Endoscopic negative pressure therapy (ENPT) of a spontaneous oesophageal rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome) with peritonitis - a new treatment option

      Innovative Surgical Sciences 2021 6(2) 8186

      Objectives

      Boerhaave's syndrome is a life-threatening disease with high mortality and morbidity. Endoscopic negative pressure therapy (ENPT) can be used to treat oesophageal perforations.

      Case presentation

      We report on a case of oesophageal rupture with peritonitis in a 35-year-old male patient. The start of treatment was 11 h after the perforation event. The treatment of the perforation defect was performed exclusively by intraluminal ENPT, the treatment of peritonitis was performed by laparotomy with abdominal lavage. For ENPT we used two different types of open-pore drains. The first treatment cycle of four days was performed with an open-pored polyurethane foam drainage (OPD), which was placed intraluminal to cover the perforation defect and to empty the stomach permanently. The second treatment cycle of nine days was performed with a thin nasogastric tube like double-lumen open-pored film drainage (OFD). For suction OPD and OFD were connected with an electronic vacuum pump (-125 mmHg). OFD enables active gastric emptying with simultaneous intestinal feeding via an integrated feeding tube. Intraluminal ENPT with a total treatment duration of 13 days was able to achieve the complete healing of the defect. Surgical treatment of the perforation defect was not necessary. The patient was discharged 20 days after initial treatment with a non-irritating abdominal wound and a closed perforation.

      Conclusions

      In suitable cases, endoscopic negative pressure therapy is a minimally invasive, organ-preserving procedure for the treatment of spontaneous oesophageal rupture.

      PMID 34589575
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    5. Journal article

      Endoscopic negative pressure therapy for a broad rectal fistula using pull-through open-pore film and polyurethane foam drains

    6. Journal article

      In vitro Activity of Antimicrobial Wound Dressings on P. aeruginosa Wound Biofilm

      Frontiers in microbiology 2021 12 664030

      The treatment of acute and chronic infected wounds with residing biofilm still poses a major challenge in medical care. Interactions of antimicrobial dressings with bacterial load, biofilm matrix and the overall protein-rich wound microenvironment remain insufficiently studied. This analysis aimed to extend the investigation on the efficacy of a variety of antimicrobial dressings using an in vitro biofilm model (lhBIOM) mimicking the specific biofilm-environment in human wounds. Four wound dressings containing polyhexanide (PHMB), octendine di-hydrochloride (OCT), cadexomer-iodine (C-IOD) or ionic silver (AG) were compared regarding their antimicrobial efficacy. Quantitative analysis was performed using a quantitative suspension method, separately assessing remaining microbial counts within the solid biofilm as well as the dressing eluate (representing the absorbed wound exudate). Dressing performance was tested against P. aeruginosa biofilms over the course of 6 days. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to obtain qualitative visualization on changes in biofilm structure. C-IOD demonstrated superior bacterial reduction. In comparison it was the only dressing achieving a significant reduction of more than 7 log10 steps within 3 days. Neither the OCT- nor the AG-containing dressing exerted a distinct and sustained antimicrobial effect. PHMB achieved a non-significant microbicidal effect (1.71 ± 0.31 log10 steps) at day 1. Over the remaining course (6 days) it demonstrated a significant microbistatic effect compared to OCT, AG and the control. Quantitative results in the dressing eluate correlate with those of the solid biofilm model. Overall, AG- and OCT-containing dressings did not achieve the expected anti-biofilm efficacy, while C-IOD performed best. Chemical interaction with the biofilms extrapolymeric substance (EPS), visualized in the SEM, and dressing configuration (agent concentration and release pattern) are suspected to be responsible. The unexpected low and diverse results of the tested antimicrobial dressings indicate a necessity to rethink non-debridement anti-biofilm therapy. Focussing on the combination of biofilm-disruptive (for EPS structure) and antimicrobial (for residing microorganisms) features, as with C-IOD, using dehydration and iodine, appears reasonably complementary and an optimal solution, as suggested by the here presented in vitro data.

      PMID 34054768
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    7. Journal article

      Debridement: When, How, and Why?

    8. Poster

      Establishment of a moist environment by a new foam dressing (NFD)* beneficial for wound healing in vitro

      Poster presented at EWMA 2020 18.11.2020 Virtual Conference

      Aim: Foam dressings are thought to aid in the establishment of a beneficial moist wound environment as they exhibit excellent fluid management capacity by absorbing as well as donating fluid. Therefore, a scratch wound healing model using human fibroblasts and keratinocytes was developed depending on the donation of fluid by the applied dressings. The effect on cell proliferation and migration of NFD* and cotton gauze was investigated.

       

      Methods: Human dermal fibroblasts (DF) and human epidermal keratinocytes (HaCaT) were seeded into 6-well-plates and cultivated for 48h before scratching. NFD and gauze were cut aseptically (d=3.5cm), soaked in medium and applied directly on the cell scratches without further medium addition. Cells were stained with hematoxylin/eosin after 1, 6, 24, and 48h. Scratches were photographed using a digital microscope and evaluated using the Image J program.

       

      Results: It was found that NFD supported the scratch healing in vitro by promoting fibroblast and keratinocyte proliferation and migration through establishing a moist wound environment. Results were almost comparable to the medium control. In contrast, scratches covered with gauze remained open, probably due to the loss of moisture by drying of the wound dressing.

       

      Conclusions: It could be shown that NFD is able to promote wound healing by effectively creating humid conditions favouring wound closure while gauze was not able to maintain the moist environment resulting in non-healing cell scratch wounds in vitro.

       

      *NFD - Suprasorb® P sensitive (Lohmann&Rauscher)

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    9. Poster

      Mechanical debridement of leg ulcers and the surrounding skin using a monofilament fibre debridement pad designed for larger wounds and surface areas

      Poster presented at WUWHS 2020 13.09.2020 Abu Dhabi, UAE

      Background and Aims

      In the management of leg ulcers and hyperkeratosis of the surrounding skin, it is not uncommon for them to affect very large areas of the leg. The large size also leads to an increase in the level of exudate and the amount of devitalised tissue. As a result, a larger amount of material is needed to loosen and remove the devitalised tissue than is the case with smaller wounds. To evaluate the performance of this debridement pad optimised for larger wounds and the surrounding skin, a small case series was performed.

       

      Methods

      For the case series leg ulcers of various origins that needed debridement were treated once or over a longer period of time with the larger pad when indicated. The treatment was documented both photographically and in writing.

       

      Results

      Five patients between the ages of 64 and 83 were treated. All of them suffered from chronic ulcers covering a big area on their legs. At least some of the wounds were colonised with bacteria/biofilm. Two patients were suffering from hyperkeratosis, too. The debridement with the debridement pad was well tolerated by the patients. Biofilm as well as devitalised tissue were removed effectively. All wounds were healed or becoming better.

       

      Conclusions

      Most of the time one pad was sufficient, even for ulcers spreading to cover the entire gaiter area. A much larger area could be treated efficiently and quicker than it would have been possible with a smaller device. In addition, the enlargement of the device is accompanied by an increase in the absorption capacity for exudate, slough and debris.

      Products Debrisoft Pad
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    10. Poster

      THE USE OF NIGHT TIME GARMENTS FOR CHRONIC EDEMA MANAGEMENT IMPACTS PATIENTS' QUALITY OF LIFE AND EDEMA MANAGEMENT

      Poster presented at WUWHS 2020 13.09.2020 Abu Dhabi, UAE

      Background and Aims

      In the management of leg ulcers and hyperkeratosis of the surrounding skin, it is not uncommon for them to affect very large areas of the leg. The large size also leads to an increase in the level of exudate and the amount of devitalised tissue. As a result, a larger amount of material is needed to loosen and remove the devitalised tissue than is the case with smaller wounds. To evaluate the performance of this debridement pad optimised for larger wounds and the surrounding skin, a small case series was performed.

       

      Methods

      For the case series leg ulcers of various origins that needed debridement were treated once or over a longer period of time with the larger pad when indicated. The treatment was documented both photographically and in writing.

       

      Results

      Five patients between the ages of 64 and 83 were treated. All of them suffered from chronic ulcers covering a big area on their legs. At least some of the wounds were colonised with bacteria/biofilm. Two patients were suffering from hyperkeratosis, too. The debridement with the debridement pad was well tolerated by the patients. Biofilm as well as devitalised tissue were removed effectively. All wounds were healed or becoming better.

       

      Conclusions

      Most of the time one pad was sufficient, even for ulcers spreading to cover the entire gaiter area. A much larger area could be treated efficiently and quicker than it would have been possible with a smaller device. In addition, the enlargement of the device is accompanied by an increase in the absorption capacity for exudate, slough and debris.

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