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Endoscopic negative pressure therapy for duodenal leaksFrontiers in Surgery 2023 10
Background and study aim: Endoscopic negative pressure therapy (ENPT) is well established in the treatment of perforations of various etiologies in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. For duodenal perforations exist only case reports and series. Different indications are possible for ENPT in duodenal position: primary therapy for leaks, preemptive therapy after surgery for example, after ulcer suturing or resection with anastomoses, or as second line therapy in cases of recurrent anastomotic insufficiencies with leakage of duodenal secretion.
Methods: A retrospective 4-year case series of negative pressure therapy in duodenal position indicated by different etiologies and a comprehensive review of current literature on endoscopic negative pressure duodenal therapy are presented.
Results: Patients with primary duodenal leaks n= 6 and with duodenal stump insufficiencies n = 4 were included. In seven patients ENPT was the first line and sole therapy. Primary surgery for duodenal leak was performed in n = 3 patients. Mean duration of ENPT was 11.0 days, mean hospital stay was 30.0 days. Re-operation after start of ENPT was necessary in two patients with duodenal stump insufficiencies. Surgery after termination of the ENPT was not necessary in any patient.
Discussion: In our case series and in the literature, ENPT has been shown to be very successful in the therapy of duodenal leaks. A challenge in ENPT for duodenal leaks is the appropriate length of the probe to safely reach the leak and keep the open pore element at the end of the probe in place despite intestinal motility.
A real-world study of a calcium alginate dressing for various etiology wounds on clinical performance, usability, and safetyWounds 2023 35(2) 2631
Introduction. Complex wounds require a moist wound healing environment and exudate control. Alginate dressings are highly absorbable and available as sheets for superficial wounds and ropes for deeper wounds. Objective. This study evaluates the real-world performance of a conformable CAD containing mannuronic acid for various wound types. Materials and Methods. The usability and safety of the tested CAD were evaluated in adult patients with various wound types. Further endpoints were clinician satisfaction with dressing application and suitability for wound type and their opinion of the tested CAD compared with other dressings of this type. Results. The study included 83 patients with exuding wounds (42 male [51%]; 41 female [49%]) and a mean age of 74.54 years (SD ± 15.54 years). Thirteen clinicians (76%) (x = 1.24) rated the first CAD application as very easy, 4 (24%) as easy, and 1 (6%) as not easy. The time for dressing application was ranked as very good (x = 1.65) by 8 clinicians (47%), while 7 (41%) rated the time for application as good, and 2 (12%) gave a satisfactory rating. Conclusion. The CAD sheet and rope were safe to use and fit for purpose in wounds of various etiologies. In addition, the dressing was easy to handle and remove, formed a gel faster than other alginates, and outperformed other previous products.Products Suprasorb A ProPMID 36877937Further versionsFurther languages
Secondary wound closure with a new transparent negative-pressure dressingChirurgie 2023
Secondary healing surgical wounds can be treated with negative-pressure therapy. Dressing changes can be painful due to the strong adherence of the polyurethane foam placed in the wound. After debridement and conditioning of the wound bed, secondary surgical wound closure with a surgical suture can be performed. Cutaneous negative-pressure therapy is used preventively after primary surgical suturing. Descriptions for secondary wound closure without a surgical suture are not known to date. The preparation and handling of an innovative transparent dressing for the cutaneous application of negative-pressure therapy is demonstrated here. The dressing assembly consists of a transparent drainage film and a transparent occlusion film. Negative pressure is applied via a tubing connector using a negative pressure pump. A new method of secondary wound closure using the transparent negative-pressure dressing is presented based on a case example. The treatment cycle with instructions for making the dressing is shown in a video.Products Suprasorb CNP Drainage Film, Suprasorb FFurther languages
Adjustable compression wraps: stretch, interface pressures and static stiffness indicesInternational angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology 2023
Adjustable compression wraps (ACWs) may represent the future of compression for the treatment of the most severe stages of chronic venous diseases and lymphedema. We tested in five healthy subjects: Coolflex® from Sigvaris®; Juzo wrap 6000®, Readywrap® from Lohmann Rauscher®; Juxtafit® and Juxtalite® from Medi®, Compreflex® from Sigvaris®. The objective of this pilot study was to study the stretch, interface pressures, and Static Stiffness Index (SSI) of the six ACWs applied to the leg.
The stretch was evaluated by stretching the ACWs to their maximum length. Interface pressure measurements were performed using a PicoPress® transducer and a probe placed at point B1. Interface pressures were measured in the supine resting position and in the standing position. We calculated the SSI. We started the measurements at 20 mmHg in the supine position and increased the pressures by 5 mmHg to 5 mmHg.
Coolflex® (inelastic ACW) cannot exceed a maximum pressure of 30 mmHg at rest with a maximum SSI of approximately 30 mmHg. Juzo wrap 6000® (a 50% stretch) and Readywrap® (a 60% stretch) have a profile of stiffness very near one to the other. The optimal stiffness for Juzo is from 16 mmHg to of 30 mmHg for a resting pressure between 25 mmHg and 40 mmHg. For Readywrap, the optimal stiffness is from 17 mmHg to 30 mmHg with a maximum SSI of 35mmHg. The optimal application zone of this wrap at rest is 30 to 45 mmHg. Juxtafit®, Juxtalite® and Compreflex® (respectively 70%, 80%, 124% stretch) can be applied with pressures above 60 mmHg but with maximum SSI of 20 mmHg for Circaid® and>30 mmHg for Compreflex®.
This pilot study allows us to propose a classification of wraps according to their stretch: inelastic ACW and short or long stretch ACW (50-60% and 70%, 80%, and 124% stretch). Their stretch and stiffness could help to better determine what could be expected of ACWs in clinical practice.Products ReadyWrap Lower ExtremityPMID 36795457Further versions
Intrathorakale Unterdrucktherapie des Pleuraempyems unter Einsatz einer offenporigen DrainagefolieChirurgie (Heidelberg, Germany) 2023 94(4) 349360
We report our initial experience with intrathoracic negative pressure therapy (ITNPT) in the stage-adjusted therapy of pleural empyema (PE) based on a case series.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
ITNPT represents a further development in negative pressure therapy that is designed to be used in the thoracic cavity. After thoracic surgical open debridement, an intrathoracic negative pressure dressing was inserted. The drainage elements used were a thin open-pore double-layer drainage film (OF) with open-pore polyurethane foams (PUF). Only the OF was placed in direct contact with the lung parenchyma. Negative pressure was generated using an electronic pump (continuous suction, -75 mm Hg). In revision thoracotomies, ITNPT was stopped or continued depending on local findings.
31 patients with stage II and III pleural empyemas were treated. ITNPT was administered at the time of primary procedure (n = 17) or revision (n = 14). ITNPT was given over a duration of m = 10 days (2-18 days), change interval m = 4 d (2-6 d). The application of intrathoracic negative pressure dressings was performed m = 3.5 (1-6) times. The empyema cavity continuously reduced in size and was cleansed by the suction. The OF has a minimum intrinsic volume with maximum absorption surface. Once negative pressure is established, there is no intrathoracic dead volume and the parenchyma can expand.
The protective material properties of OF make ITNPT suitable for the treatment of pleural empyema. Targeted local intrathoracic drainage of the septic focus is a possible adjunct to surgery. The treatment regimen requires surgical dressings to be changed repeatedly. The method is suitable for the treatment of complex stage II and III pleural empyemas.
The OF can be used as an intrathoracic drainage element for ITNPT in pleural empyema. This new application option expands the range of indications for negative pressure therapy.
EINLEITUNG: Anhand einer Fallserie berichten wir über unsere ersten Erfahrungen mit einer intrathorakalen Unterdrucktherapie (ITNPT) in der stadienadaptierten Therapie des Pleuraempyems (PE).
MATERIAL UND METHODEN
Die ITNPT ist eine Weiterentwicklung der Unterdrucktherapie für die intrathorakale Anwendung. Nach thoraxchirurgischem offenen Débridement wurde ein intrathorakaler Unterdruckverband installiert. Als Drainageelemente verwendeten wir eine dünne offenporige doppellagige Drainagefolie (OF) mit offenporigen Polyurethanschäumen (PUS). Ausschließlich die OF wurde in direktem Kontakt zum Lungenparenchym angelegt. Die Unterdruckerzeugung erfolgte mit einer elektronischen Pumpe (kontinuierlicher Sog, −75 mm Hg). In der Revisionthorakotomie wurde je nach Lokalbefund die ITNPT beendet oder fortgeführt.
Es wurden 31 Patienten im PE-Stadium II und III behandelt. Die ITNPT erfolgte bereits beim Primäreingriff (n = 17) oder bei Revision (n = 14). Die ITNPT erfolgte über einen Dauer von m = 10 Tagen (2–18 Tage), Wechselintervall m = 4 d (2–6 d). Die intrathorakaler Unterdruckverband-Anlage wurde in m = 3,5 (1–6) mal vorgenommen. Die Empyemhöhle verkleinerte und reinigte sich unter dem Sog kontinuierlich. Die OF hat ein minimales Eigenvolumen bei maximaler Resorptionsoberfläche. Nach Anlage des Unterdrucks besteht kein intrathorakales Totvolumen, das Parenchym kann sich entfalten.
Die schonenden Materialeigenschaften der OF ermöglichen die ITNPT zur Behandlung des Pleuraempyems. Es ist eine gezielte lokale intrathorakale Sanierung des septischen Focus in Ergänzung zur operativen Therapie möglich. Das Behandlungsregime erfordert wiederholte operative Verbandswechsel. Die Methode ist geeignet zur Behandlung komplizierter PIeuraempyeme im Stadium II und III.
Die OF kann als intrathorakales Drainageelement zur ITNPT bei Pleuraempyemen verwendet werden. Das Indikationsspektrum der Unterdrucktherapie erweitert sich um diese neue Anwendungsoption.PMID 36754892
Wound bed preparation of a sacral pressure injury for dermal template using autolytic debridementPoster presented at Wounds Australia 2022 Conference 14.09.2022 Sydney
A 65-year-old male bed bound patient with a BMI of 16 kg/m², a schizoid personality disorder, former strong alcoholism and an MCA stroke in 2019 with low rehabilitation potential, was presented with a sacral pressure injury to the District Nursing Service.
Action(s) taken/ treatment provided
The pressure injury was subjected to sharp debridement to remove the hard necrotic tissue. For further autolytic debridement, the wound was treated with a hydrogel wound dressing*. For exudate management, a superabsorbent wound dressing** was used as a secondary association. In the first week, the wound was additionally debrided mechanically. However, since this resulted in more arterial bleeding, treatment completely switched to autolytic debridement. Dressing changes were completed daily by Rest Home staff with weekly input from the District Nurse.
After 5 days of autolytic debridement, dark eschar started to soften. Further maceration of the peri wound skin was prevented by the superabsorbent dressing via absorbing high quantities of exudate. After 15 days, the necrotic areas were starting to lift up. Granulation on some areas of the wound bed developed. After 28 days, some edges of the wound bed had partially healed. After 43 days the wound had healed to such an extent that autolytic debridement was no longer indicated and application of a dermal template commenced.
The hydrogel wound dressing in combination with the superabsorbent dressing were able to debride and prepare the wound bed for the next step of application with a dermal template.Products Vliwasorb Pro, Suprasorb G
The difficult case: NPWT for extensive soft tissue defects of the lower extremityPoster presented at EWMA 2022 23.05.2022 Paris, France
We report on the case of a 14-year-old girl with extensive soft tissue defects on the right lower extremity up to the right hip following a traffic accident. The patient suffered a subtotal amputation of the right lower extremity with a rupture of the external iliac artery and the iliac vein.
After CTA, the pulseless, ischemic leg was treated with autologous arterial und venous vascular graft. Perfusion resumed 4 hours post-accident. Osteosynthesis was carried out using an external fixator. Despite fasciotomy, extensive soft tissue necrosis occurred on the right lower extremity. Due to pre-terminal multiple organ failure caused by SIRS, a large-area necrosectomy was performed and NPWT started. The occlusive dressing was applied to the entire right lower extremity including the anogenital area up to the iliac crest using a tubular bandage*.
Results / Discussion:
This method allowed for sufficient negative pressure on the entire hip area and the entire right lower extremity. Septic condition improved immediately. After stimulating wound granulation, the secondary, serial split skin coverage of the defects was possible.
In the case of extensive soft tissue defects on the lower extremity with deep substance defects in the area of the hip and simultaneous external fixation on the pelvic ring as well as cystofix and colostoma creation, the establishment of an NPWT system typically is difficult and time-consuming. With the tubular bandage it was possible to use a reliable, reproducible, time-saving occlusive and elastic system for the NPWT.
Endoscopic vacuum therapy in the upper gastrointestinal tract: When and how to use itLangenbeck's archives of surgery 2022
Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has emerged as a novel treatment option for upper gastrointestinal wall defects. The basic principle of action of EVT entails evacuation of secretions, removal of wound debris, and containment of the defect. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that EVT reduces interstitial edema, increases oxygen saturation, and promotes tissue granulation and microcirculation. Various devices, such as macroporous polyurethane sponge systems or open-pore film drains, have been developed for specific indications. Depending on the individual situation, EVT devices can be placed in- or outside the intestinal lumen, as a stand-alone procedure, or in combination with surgical, radiological, and other endoscopic interventions.
The aim of this narrative review is to describe the current spectrum of EVT in the upper gastrointestinal tract and to assess and summarize the related scientific literature.
There is growing evidence that the efficacy of EVT for upper GI leakages exceeds that of other interventional treatment modalities such as self-expanding metal stents, clips, or simple drainages. Owing to the promising results and the excellent risk profile, EVT has become the therapy of choice for perforations and anastomotic leakages of the upper gastrointestinal tract in many centers of expertise. In addition, recent clinical research suggests that preemptive use of EVT after high-risk upper gastrointestinal resections may play an important role in reducing postoperative morbidity.PMID 35041047
3D Biofilm Models Containing Multiple Species for Antimicrobial Testing of Wound DressingsMicroorganisms 2022 10(10)
The treatment of chronic wounds presents a major challenge in medical care. In particular, the effective treatment of bacterial infections that occur in the form of biofilms is of crucial importance. To develop successful antibiofilm strategies for chronic wound treatment, biofilm models are needed that resemble the in vivo situation, are easy to handle, standardizable, and where results are readily transferable to the clinical situation. We established two 3D biofilm models to distinguish the effectiveness of wound dressings on important microorganisms present in chronic wounds. The first 3D biofilm model contains Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Acinetobacter baumannii, while the second is based on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacteria are cultivated in a nutrient-rich agar/gelatin mix, into which air bubbles are incorporated. This results in a mature biofilm growing in clusters similar to its organization in chronic wounds. The models are convenient to use, have low variability and are easy to establish in the laboratory. Treatment with polihexanide and silver-containing wound dressings showed that the models are very well suited for antimicrobial testing and that they can detect differences in the efficacy of antimicrobial substances. Therefore, these models present valuable tools in the development of effective antibiofilm strategies in chronic wounds.Products Suprasorb A, Suprasorb A + Ag, Suprasorb X, Suprasorb X + PHMBPMID 36296303
First report of closure of an iatrogenic recto-vesical fistula solely using endoscopic negative pressure therapyEndoscopy 2022PMID 35750080