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    Our research and development teams operate at a global level and generate synergies from our collective expertise and by drawing on related disciplines. We are also constantly exchanging information at an international level with independent technical institutions, key opinion leaders and multipliers in order to be able to ensure cooperation and knowledge management of the highest order. As part of this process, we also conduct extensive research, the results of which we continually present in workshops, at conferences and symposiums - either in documentation or talks given by our cooperation partners - and also publish in renowned scientific journals. This database contains a large number of these evidence-based scientific articles, most of which have been evaluated by independent assessors:

    1. Journal article

      Role of endoscopic vacuum therapy in the management of gastrointestinal transmural defects

      World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy 2019 11(5) 329344

      A gastrointestinal (GI) transmural defect is defined as total rupture of the GI wall, and these defects can be divided into three categories: perforations, leaks, and fistulas. Surgical management of these defects is usually challenging and may be associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, several novel endoscopic techniques have been developed, and endoscopy has become a first-line approach for therapy of these conditions. The use of endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) is increasing with favorable results. This technique involves endoscopic placement of a sponge connected to a nasogastric tube into the defect cavity or lumen. This promotes healing via five mechanisms, including macrodeformation, microdeformation, changes in perfusion, exudate control, and bacterial clearance, which is similar to the mechanisms in which skin wounds are treated with commonly employed wound vacuums. EVT can be used in the upper GI tract, small bowel, biliopancreatic regions, and lower GI tract, with variable success rates and a satisfactory safety profile. In this article, we review and discuss the mechanism of action, materials, techniques, efficacy, and safety of EVT in the management of patients with GI transmural defects.

      PMID 31205594
    2. Journal article

      Iatrogenic esophageal perforation during fundoplication: treatment with endoscopic negative pressure therapy

    3. Journal article

      Endoscopic negative pressure therapy of the upper gastrointestinal tract

      Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen 2019 90(1) 16

      Endoscopic negative pressure therapy (ENPT) has been adapted for upper gastrointestinal tract applications. More than 400 patients have already been treated with ENPT due to transmural defects in the upper gastrointestinal tract, with a success rate of 87%. The greatest experience exists for the treatment of anastomotic leakages and perforations of the esophagus. The ENPT is also used in the duodenum, pancreas and for complications after bariatric surgery. There are new indications that go beyond treatment in complication management. Innovative drainage types and endoscopic techniques have been developed that broaden the spectrum of applications. The aim of this article is to give an overview of the current status of ENPT in the upper gastrointestinal tract.

      PMID 30456644
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    4. Journal article

      Tips and tricks for endoscopic negative pressure therapy

      Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen 2019 90(1) 714

      Endoscopic negative-pressure therapy (ENPT) is becoming a valuable tool in surgical complication management of transmural intestinal defects and wounds in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. Innovative materials for drains have been developed, endoscopic techniques adapted, and new indications for ENPT have been found. Based on our broad clinical experience, numerous tips and tricks are described, which contribute to the safety of dealing with the new therapy. The aim of this work is to present these methods. The focus is on describing the treatment in the esophagus.

      PMID 30280205
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    5. Journal article

      Hemostatic wound dressings:Predicting their effects by in vitro tests

      Journal of biomaterials applications 2019 33(9) 12851297

      BACKGROUND

      Application of controlled in vitro techniques can be used as a screening tool for the development of new hemostatic agents allowing quantitative assessment of overall hemostatic potential.

       

      MATERIALS AND METHODS

      Several tests were selected to evaluate the efficacy of cotton gauze, collagen, and oxidized regenerated cellulose for enhancing blood clotting, coagulation, and platelet activation.

       

      RESULTS

      Visual inspection of dressings after blood contact proved the formation of blood clots. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated the adsorption of blood cells and plasma proteins. Significantly enhanced blood clot formation was observed for collagen together with β-thromboglobulin increase and platelet count reduction. Oxidized regenerated cellulose demonstrated slower clotting rates not yielding any thrombin generation; yet, led to significantly increased thrombin-anti-thrombin-III complex levels compared to the other dressings. As hemostyptica ought to function without triggering any adverse events, induction of hemolysis, instigation of inflammatory reactions, and initiation of the innate complement system were also tested. Here, cotton gauze provoked high PMN elastase and elevated SC5b-9 concentrations.

       

      CONCLUSIONS

      A range of tests for desired and undesired effects of materials need to be combined to gain some degree of predictability of the in vivo situation. Collagen-based dressings demonstrated the highest hemostyptic properties with lowest adverse reactions whereas gauze did not induce high coagulation activation but rather activated leukocytes and complement.

      Products Suprasorb C
      PMID 30791851
    6. Journal article

      Examination of the effects of a new compression garment on skin tissue oxygenation in healthy volunteers

      Journal of wound care 2019 28(7) 429435

      OBJECTIVE

      Compression devices have been shown to reduce venous stasis, increase blood flow and skin tissue oxygenation (StO2), promoting healthy tissue. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of a new compression garment in three different positions in healthy adults.

       

      METHODS

      In this quantitative study, potential participants were screened and recruited using the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q, Canada). Participants attended three separate, one-hour sessions to evaluate StO2 in supine-lying, chair-sitting and long-sitting positions. StO2 was recorded for 20 minutes pre-, during and post- a 20-minute intervention using a compression garment, TributeWrap (Lohmann-Rauscher, Germany). A repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was followed by post-hoc pairwise comparisons.

       

      RESULTS

      A total of 28 healthy volunteers took part (aged 24.6 ±8.4years; 13 males, 15 females). A significant difference was seen between the three positions (p<0.001). Chair-sitting had the lowest StO2 pre-intervention, increasing StO2 significantly (32.25%, p<0.001) during wear of the compression garment (24.8% higher than baseline post-intervention). No significant difference was seen between long sitting and supine-lying (p=1.000). In contrast, long-sitting and supine-lying StO2 was higher pre-intervention compared with chair-sitting and only increased post-intervention (11% and 16.8% respectively, p<0.001) compared with baseline.

       

      CONCLUSION

      The compression garment significantly increased StO2 levels in both seating positions. Further studies are required to determine if increasing StO2 through short intervention sessions with this device has the potential to improve self-management of tissue health in individuals with reduced mobility, oedema or venous insufficiency.

      PMID 31295092
    7. Journal article

      Use of a monofilament debridement pad in the treatment of acne vulgaris

      Journal of Wound Care 2019 28(11) 780783

      Objective:

      Acne vulgaris (acne) presents with increased oil-sebum secretion and subsequent formation of comedones, papules, pustules and nodules. Skin cleansing is part of the daily routine to improve skin condition. A monofilament debridement pad has shown to be effective when used for wound debridement and skin cleansing in dermatological conditions. The pad may offer benefits when used for acne affected skin.

       

       

      Methods:

      The in vitro cleansing capacity of the monofilament fibre pad was analysed and compared with commercially available cosmetic pads. For this purpose, a sebum model consisting of glass plates coated with an oil-red-stained layer of artificial sebum was used. To gain clinical experience a case series evaluated cleansing efficacy of the monofilament debridement pad in combination with polyhexanide and sodium-hypochlorite based solutions. Over a period of four months, seven individuals suffering from retentive moderate facial acne who visited the dermatology clinic for their acne used the pad as necessary, ranging from twice weekly to daily, dependent on the sensitivity of the patient's skin condition.

       

      Results:

      The in vitro study exhibited a significantly better cleansing efficacy of the monofilament debridement pad compared with the cosmetic pads. After single use of the pad subject scores on sebum reduction revealed excellent/very good in 42.9% and acceptable in 57.1% of cases. After repeated use of the monofilament pads scores on sebum reduction of excellent/very good were given in 85.7% and acceptable in 14.3% of cases. Subject scored handling of the pad and comfort during use also received favourable ratings.

       

      Conclusion:

      These initial results show the potential of the monofilament debridement pad for cleansing of acne-prone and acne affected skin. More robust studies are needed to confirm these results.

      Products Debrisoft Pad
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    8. Journal article

      Rapid debridement with monofilament fibre debridement technology:Clinical outcomes and practitioner satisfaction

      Journal of wound care 2019 28(8) 534541

      OBJECTIVE

      To determine the clinical effect and consequential levels of health professionals and patient satisfaction with the results of debridement episodes of wounds with visible slough and/or scaly skin using monofilament fibre debridement technology.

       

      METHODS

      This was a non-comparative, open label evaluation conducted in static/non-healing acute and chronic wounds with visible slough and/or scaly skin that required debridement. Monofilament fibre debridement technology was applied in 1-2 sequential treatment episodes during normal clinical practice which followed local practice, guidelines or formularies. Following the clinical phase of the evaluation, health professionals were invited to complete an online survey of the clinical outcomes and their satisfaction with them.

       

      RESULTS

      Survey questions were answered by 1129 health professionals. Wounds managed using the monofilament fibre debridement technology during this evaluation included leg ulcers (63%), pressure ulcers (10%), dehisced surgical wounds (3%), diabetic foot ulcers (8%) and other wounds (13%). 'Other' wound types included acute dirty wounds, burns, cellulitis, psoriasis, diabetic amputation wounds, dry flaky skin, moisture wounds, trauma, varicose eczema. Of the wounds, 12% were reported as non-static. There was visible change in the wound and/or skin after first use of the monofilament fibre debridement technology in a high proportion of all wound types, and a further increase in the proportion of wounds with visible change after the second use. The visible difference was significant for both static and non-static wounds. User and patient satisfaction with all clinical outcomes were high, whether or not the user and patient had previous experience of monofilament fibre debridement technology.

       

      CONCLUSION

      Monofilament fibre debridement technology provides rapid, visible and effective debridement of slough and scaly skin after one application and further visible improvement after two applications in static and non-static wounds. Health professionals and patients report high levels of satisfaction with outcomes following application of the monofilament fibre debridement technology.

      Products Debrisoft Pad
      PMID 31393801
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    9. Journal article

      Endoskopische Vakuumtherapie bei infizierter walled-off Pankreasnekrose

      Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie 2019 57(7) 852858

      Necrotizing pancreatitis remains a therapeutic challenge. Thirty-eight percent of all cases lead to an early organ failure and 15 % cause death. Interventions are necessary in 38 % 1.Due to lower mortality compared to open surgery, both endoscopic treatment and minimally invasive surgery are established 2.Endoscopic vacuum therapy can be an auxiliary method for this indication, with only a few case reports existing. Recommendation is still unclear, compared to standard methods like endoscopic necrosectomy, drainage and irrigation (see ESGE Guideline "Endoscopic management of acute necrotizing pancreatitis" 2018; Recommendation 4.2.8) 1.The actual case shows a successful endoscopic vacuum therapy of an infected walled-off pancreatic necrosis. A modified open-pore film drainage (OFD) is combined with endoscopic necrosectomy.

       

      Die nekrotisierende Pankreatitis ist nach wie vor eine therapeutische Herausforderung. 38 % der Fälle münden in ein frühes Organversagen, 15 % führen zum Tod. Interventionen werden in 38 % der Fälle nötig 1. Aufgrund geringerer Mortalität gegenüber der klassischen offenen chirurgischen Vorgehensweise sind endoskopische und chirurgische minimalinvasive Methoden etabliert 2. Die endoskopische Vakuumtherapie kann hier eine Ergänzungsmethode darstellen, zu der bisher nur wenige Fallbeschreibungen existieren. Ein fester Stellenwert gegenüber den Standardverfahren wie endoskopischer Nekrosektomie mit Lavage besteht derzeit noch nicht (vgl. ESGE-Guideline „Endoscopic management of acute necrotizing pancreatitis“, 2018; Abschnitt 4.2.8) 1.Der vorliegende Fall beschreibt eine erfolgreiche endoskopische Vakuumtherapie bei infizierter walled-off Pankreasnekrose unter Verwendung einer modifizierten Drainagefolie in Ergänzung zur Standardmethode der endoskopischen Nekrosektomie.

      PMID 31288281
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    10. Journal article

      Effect of non-adhering dressings on promotion of fibroblast proliferation and wound healing in vitro

      Scientific reports 2019 9(1) 4320

      Non-adhering dressings are commonly used during granulation, tissue formation, and re-epithelialization. Elucidating cytotoxic effects and influence on proliferation/migration capacity of cells like fibroblasts is of interest. Dressings' effects were investigated by comprehensive in vitro approach: (1) MTT assay measuring cell viability after direct contact, (2) ATP assay determining effects on cell proliferation, and (3) scratch wound assay featuring an in vitro wound healing model. One cotton-based dressing with vaseline (vas) was included in the study and four polyester dressings containing vas and technology-lipido-colloid matrix (TLC), carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), hydrocolloid (HC), or glycerin (gly) as additives. A polyamide dressing with vas + CMC and three silicone-based dressings (AT, CC, M) were tested. Polyester + vas + CMC did not negatively affect cell viability or proliferation but it was found that fibroblast layers appeared more irregular with decreased F-actin network structure and tubulin density possibly leading to hampered scratch closure. Silicone AT, polyester + gly and polyamide + vas + CMC caused distinct cell damage. The latter two further reduced cell viability, proliferation and scratch healing. From the overall results, it can be concluded that cotton + vas, polyester + TLC, polyester + vas + HC and the silicone dressings CC and M have the potential to prevent damage of newly formed tissue during dressing changes and positively influence wound healing.

      PMID 30867534
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